Point selection characteristics and rules of acupuncture in
treatment of depression based on data mining*
LIU Liang (刘 亮)1, YU Nan-nan (余楠楠)1, MOU Ming-yuan (牟明园)1,
CHEN Ze-lin (陈泽林)1, GUO Yi (郭 义)1 , Ken Takagi (高木健)2, Mizuno Kaito (水野海腾)2
1. Experimental Acupuncture Research Center, Tianjin University of Traditional Chinese Medicine, Tianjin 300193, China; 2. Institute of TCM, Suzuka University of Medical Science, Suzuka 510-0293, Japan（1. 天津中医药大学实验针灸学研究中心，天津 300193，中国；2. 铃鹿医疗科学大学东洋医学研究所，铃鹿市 510-0293，日本）
First author: LIU Liang (1990- ), male, postgraduate student.
Corresponding author: GUO Yi (1965-), male, professor, researcher.
Research field: scientific foundation of meridian, acupuncture standardization, and collateral bloodletting.
* Supported by National Key Fundamental Research Development Plan:
2014 CB 543201.
Accepted on March 9, 2015
Objective To discuss the point selection characteristics and rules of prescription for acupuncture in treatment of depression. Method Clinical literature on acupuncture in treatment of depression in recent five years were retrieved by retrospective document research; the number of point and use frequency were calculated, and their characteristics and rules were analyzed by means of bibliometrics. Result One hundred and seventy-seven papers about acupuncture in treatment of depression were retrieved with 158 acupoints used for 1 630 times in total, including Bǎihuì (百会 GV 20), Tàichōng (太冲 LR 3), Sānyīnjiāo (三阴交 SP 6), and Shénmén (神门 HT 7), which were used most frequently. In view of meridians, governor vessel, the foot-taiyang bladder meridian and the foot-jueyin liver meridian were used most frequently, five-shu points were used frequently in specific points, and the most frequently used point combination was distal and local point combination. Conclusion The primary prescription for acupuncture in treatment of depression is GV 20 in combination with distal LR 3, SP 6, HT 7, and other points.
KEY WORDS: Depression; acupuncture; acupoint; point selection characteristics
ABSTRACT IN CHINESE
[摘 要] 目的：探讨针灸治疗抑郁症的处方用穴特点及规律。方法：采用回顾性文献研究方法，检索近5年来针灸治疗抑郁症的临床文献，运用文献计量学方法，计算用穴的数量和频次，分析其特点，挖掘其规律。结果：检索到针灸治疗抑郁症的文献177篇，使用腧穴158个，使用总频次为1 630次，其中百会、太冲、三阴交和神门使用最为频繁。从经脉看，督脉、足太阳膀胱经及足厥阴肝经穴使用最多；特定穴中五输穴使用最多；配穴以远近配穴法多用。结论：针灸治疗抑郁症以近端百会配合远端太冲、三阴交、神门等穴为主要处方。
[关键词] 抑郁症 针灸 腧穴 取穴特点